Gaia-X promotes federations, a new model of cloud data exchange that is orthogonal to the existing dominant model of hyper-concentration of data. Data are acquired in all sectors across the globe. They shall no more be concentrated in single places. The new way of computing is a continuum from the edge, i.e., from devices and data sources in the field directly to the cloud. This minimises the need for data bandwidth, bringing the computing processes to the data and adapting to the phenomenon of data-gravity.
Through Gaia-X federations and federated services, several data owners can exchange data amongst each other minimising data transfers and leveraging services for data that are guaranteed in terms of identity, description, service characteristic, service controllability and, more in general, can be trusted.
Through Gaia-X federations, several technology providers can create and offer a network of services with common identity, common self-description, common controllability, and interoperability across their nodes. This creates the necessary trust, the quality of services and the critical mass necessary to create value out of data and to deal with data-gravity and data distribution.
Through a federated model, Gaia-X providers offer a value that is not possible to obtain from highly centralised, proprietary, closed, non-federated and non-interoperable technologies that currently dominate the market and, as a matter of fact, do not provide for the level of trust requested by users.